What are the different braces available? What are the components of braces or fixed orthodontics?
Braces can be of different materials.
They can be of metal, or tooth colored composite or ceramic material.
Based on the type of procedure they can be;
Straight wire orthodontics- This system uses both metal and ceramic brackets
Lingual orthodontics- This sytem uses orthodontic components fixed on inner surfaces of teeth towards tongue
Clear/Invisible aligners-These are clear aligners which can be removed by the patient and are invisible.These aligners are custom fabricated, are in series and are delivered to the patient for wearing.
The components of fixed orthodontics are:
- Braces or brackets are attached to the front surfaces of teeth. These can be of metal or of tooth colored ceramic material.
- Bands are metallic rings fixed over the molars for anchorage.
- Arch wire is the wire that passes through the brackets & is the active component in braces. This arch wire moves the crooked teeth into their desired positions.