Orthodontics is a specialty in the field of dentistry which deals with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of misaligned teeth and jaws. And the specialist who takes care of this is called an Orthodontist. People with crooked or crowded teeth usually have a bad bite which is known as malocclusion. This can be a cause of protruded teeth or the teeth too backward which ultimately does not allow the upper and lower teeth to fit properly together.
What are the general problems with crooked teeth?
- Crooked teeth are harder to maintain clean thus leading to tooth decay, gum disease and tooth loss.
- Crooked teeth can interfere with chewing and speech thus leading to jaw problems.
What are braces?
Braces or Orthodontic treatment is the most common way to correct crooked teeth and major bite problems. Braces usually consist of brackets (metal or ceramic) which are cemented onto the tooth surface and connected by wire or rubber bands which are regularly adjusted by the orthodontist. Braces move teeth by applying slow and gradual pressure.
Indications for braces?
The people who require braces the most are the ones with
- Misplaced, crowded or blocked out teeth
- Protruding teeth
- Teeth that have malocclusion such as deep bite or open bite
- Mouth breathing and thumb sucking habits
- Inability to close the lips comfortably.
- Difficulty in chewing.
- Grinding or clenching of teeth.
Braces care – Do’s and Don’ts #braces #bracescare
Most people need to wear braces for a minimum of 1 to 2 years. This treatment period can be reduces by follwoing certain precautions as been given below. And certain orthodontic treatment techniques like self ligating braces also reduce overall treatment period.
It generally takes a while to get used to them in the mouth initially but very soon one even forgets its presence. To give your braces a chance to work effectively one has to follow certain do’s and don’ts.
- Keep your teeth clean when wearing braces. Brushing and flossing should be done at least twice a day. Rinse your mouth thoroughly after every meal.
- Use an orthodontic tooth brush and a fluoridated tooth paste.
- Use mouthwash regularly.
- Cut your food into bite size pieces and consume
- Even if you are careful with your braces there may be a breakage or a bracket may come loose. Report to your dentist immediately in such situations.
- Go to all your orthodontic appointments. If you miss adjustments in the braces your treatment will be longer.
- Use a sports guard while playing to avoid injury to your teeth or damage to your braces.
- Eat hard, sticky and sugary foods. These can damage the braces, cause tooth decay around the brackets and sometimes even stain the teeth permanently.Avoid lollipops, caramel, bubblegum, candi corns, pop corns, nuts.
- Bite into large or tough foods that can’t be cut into smaller pieces.
- Play sports and games without wearing a mouth guard. A mouth guard can protect your teeth and jaws.
- Eat ice – the ultimate brace destroyer.
- Snack in between meals and drink sugary and carbonated drinks
- Hesitate to talk to your orthodontist in case of any concerns, queries or difficulties in adjusting with your braces
Orthodontic treatment cannot be replaced by your regular dental treatment. Hence visit your orthodontist regularly for the best results which will ultimately give you your best smile. And to achieve this best smile take extra care of your braces. DO YOUR BEST.