Dental Blog

Bleeding Gums - Ten quick and important points you need to know

  1. Healthy gum is firm, pink in color, surrounds the tooth structure and does not bleed.

  2. Diseased gum is swollen, puffy, red in color and bleeds easily. It is called gingivitis.

  3. Deposits on teeth induce gum disease. They can be soft deposits or hard deposits. Soft deposit is known as plaque and harbors microorganisms. Hard deposit or tartar is both a physical irritant as well as allows for bacterial growth. These microorganisms release toxins into the gingival crevice and induce inflammation. Keeping your teeth clean  or dental scaling procedures can maintain your gums healthy.

  4. Tartar (Hard deposits) on teeth can make your mouth stink.

  5. Excessive and improper brushing method can harm your gums!! Using hard toothbrush, applying excessive pressure on teeth or on gums while brushing causes gingival bleeding, gingival recession, painful gums, wearing out of tooth enamel and dentin are few of the problems.

  6. Dental cleaning does not loosen your teeth. Deposits on the teeth will!! Dental scaling is done with fine ultrasonic instruments that gently disturb the deposits, break them and flush them out thus rendering the tooth deposit free. Thus it clears the source of harmful microorganisms which release harmful toxins into deeper layers of gums and induce gum disease along with dissolving bone support for the tooth. In essence dental scaling helps gum to reestablish healthy contact with tooth and bone.

  7. Regular massage of gum improves blood flow and strengthens it. Gum gels are suggested for massaging. The gel should be used to massage with gentle pressure applied in circular motion over the gum around entire dentition. Improved blood flow ensures healing and bone growth in the region.

  8. Infected gum and bone tissue known as periodontitis is the most common reason for loss of teeth across world. The gum infection spreads to the deeper layers and destroys the bone support, induces pus accumulation and swelling in surrounding gum tissue.

  9. Gum surgery can save your shaking teeth. Special radiographs called OPG is suggested to assess the severity of bone loss. Prior to surgery dental scaling or cleaning and deep scaling procedures are done. This improves gum health and it will be ready for the surgery. Gum surgery includes cleaning of deposits over root surface of teeth, removing any bone defects to create smooth bone surface. If required synthetic bone grafts are used to improve one support for the ailing tooth. Synthetic bone grafts can strengthen your teeth and make them function longer.

  10. Post-operative gum maintenance is crucial for success of the flap surgery (Gum Surgery). The instructions of the dental surgeon should be strictly followed to ensure long term results. Regular follow up visits to the dental surgeon are very important.