Lots of people today use electric toothbrushes to keep their pearly whites nice and bright.
- But are they really better?
- What are the indications for using an electric toothbrush?
- What are its advantages over a manual toothbrush? What about the cost?
These are the most common queries people have regarding electric toothbrushes. Here are a few of the answers to these queries.
What is an Electric Toothbrush?
An electric toothbrush is a toothbrush that makes rapid automatic bristle motions either back and forth or rotation in order to clean teeth.
A modern electric toothbrush is usually powered by a rechargeable battery. Most manufacturers of dental care products generally also make electric toothbrushes.
Types of Electric Toothbrush
- Based on the action they employ either vibration or rotation-oscillation.
- Based on the speed of their movement they are further classified under Standard, Sonic and Ultra Sonic toothbrushes.
Indications for the use of Electric Toothbrush
- Patients with fixed orthodontic appliances or braces. Those for whom there is evidence that electric toothbrush give more effective brushing than manual toothbrush in plaque removal.
- In children who generally do not brush with the right strokes and for the right duration.
- Handicapped and severely retarded children.
- Institutionalized patients who are dependent on others.
- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
- Hard brushers in whom periodontitis is a common finding.
Advantages and Disadvantages of an Electric Toothbrush
- Easy to use: All that one needs to do is to place the toothbrush at a 45 degree angle and let the toothbrush do the entire job. Less work for better results: Electric toothbrushes do a better job of cleaning and removing plaque. The electric toothbrush takes care of the time and method of brushing with a proper regulated force which prevents gingivitis.
- More fun to use for children: Electric toothbrushes are a lot easier and fun. Children prefer this as it is less work, it tickles their teeth and the timer will let them know they are all done.
- Built in timer: Electric toothbrushes use a built in timer that stops when 2 minutes are up and hence no more guessing!!!
- The toothbrush needs to be charged or the batteries to be replaced.
- Cost: They are significantly more expensive than the manual ones.
- Easy to break: Dropping the toothbrush can break them easily. Careful is the word while using this. Not easy to carry while travelling: Needs to be carried with a charger and is a little bulky.
Mode of action of an electric toothbrush
The main component is the removable brush. This is the part that does all the hard work. It has a semi rotating head at the top so the mechanism inside the brush handle rotates back and forth and the brush turns from side to side.
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