What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is the inflammation of supporting structure of the tooth. In simple terminology, the foundation of the tooth gets affected.
In Periodontitis, the microorganisms over the plaque, their toxins infect the gums, surrounding periodontal ligament that connects the tooth with the bone and induce supporting bone loss. This over a period of time can loosen the teeth.
Periodontitis is progressive disease without much pain. Hence it often goes unnoticed. Early diagnosis and intervention is crucial for better results.
What are the symptoms of Periodontitis?
What are the stages of Periodontitis?
The stages of Periodontitis are:
Continued inflammation of the gums or gingivitis can result in the gums pulling away from the teeth, allowing for formation of "pockets" filled with bacterial plaque, calculus (tartar), food debris and pus. This painless infection results in damage to the bone (socket) supporting the teeth.
Further spread of the gum infection results in further loss of bone support. Loose, shifting teeth and more obvious recession of the gum can be seen.
Advanced gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults. Painful gum abscesses can occur as the deeper infection gets trapped under the gum, resulting in a buildup of painful pressure. Severe mobility of teeth is observed leading to teeth loss.