What are the various minor oral surgeries?
Minor surgeries in the mouth are done under local anesthesia. The most common minor oral surgery is tooth removal. Others are:
- Impacted tooth removal
- Flap surgeries
- Ridge augmentation procedures etc.
What is an impacted tooth and what are the varieties of teeth impactions?
A tooth is said to be impacted when it has failed to erupt above the gum line.
The teeth that are most commonly impacted are third molars particularly of the lower jaw, followed by upper jaw third molars and then upper canines.
Varieties of lower third molar impactions: Due to the lack of space available for eruption, lower third molars get often impacted.
The varieties of impactions are,
Impacted teeth can apply pressure on adjacent healthy teeth and induce tooth ache and bone loss, can also contribute to cavities on the second molars and if they develop cystic cavities around then they can weaken the jaw and lead to jaw fracture eventually.
So it is advisable to remove the impacted lower third molars at the earliest.
What are the instructions given to the patient following tooth removal/minor surgery?
- Patient is asked to bite over the pressure pack for at least half an hour
- Topical intermittent application of cold packs
- Pain killers prescribed by the surgeon should be consumed within half an hour
- Avoid hard and hot food as this may induce bleeding and cause irritation of the wound/socket
- Soft and cold food should be consumed
- If sutures are given, patient should visit the surgeon after 7-8 days for suture removal
- Maintenance of hygiene at the extraction site is crucial
- Bleeding even after 1-2 hours should be informed to the dentist and instructions should be followed